Hemp and marijuana are both varieties of the cannabis plant, but there are some significant differences between the two.
One of the main differences is the amount of the psychoactive compound THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) that each plant contains. THC is the compound that is responsible for the psychoactive effects of marijuana, such as the feeling of being “high” or intoxicated. Hemp, on the other hand, contains very low levels of THC, typically less than 0.3%. This means that hemp will not produce the psychoactive effects that marijuana is known for.
Another difference is the appearance of the two plants. Hemp plants are typically tall and thin, with long, thin leaves. They are often grown in dense rows and are used for a variety of purposes, including the production of textiles, paper, and other products. Marijuana plants, on the other hand, are shorter and bushier, with broader leaves. They are usually grown for their psychoactive properties and are used for recreational and medicinal purposes.
There are also legal differences between hemp and marijuana. In many countries, including the United States, hemp is legal to grow and use for a variety of purposes, while marijuana is illegal or heavily regulated. This is due, in part, to the difference in THC levels between the two plants.
Hemp has a long history of being used for a variety of purposes, including the production of textiles, paper, and food. It is also used in the production of CBD (cannabidiol) oil, which is a non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant that has been shown to have a variety of health benefits.
Marijuana, on the other hand, is typically used for recreational and medicinal purposes. It has been shown to have a variety of medicinal benefits, including the ability to reduce chronic pain and improve symptoms of certain medical conditions. However, it is important to note that marijuana is still a controlled substance in many countries and its use may be subject to legal restrictions.
Overall, hemp and marijuana are both members of the cannabis family, but they have significant differences in their THC levels, appearance, and legal status. While hemp is widely used for a variety of purposes and is legal in many countries, marijuana is primarily used for recreational and medicinal purposes and is subject to more stringent legal regulations.